Discussion Sessions Reading List The Burn

St. Andrews Kant Reading Party 2019: Kant and Leibniz on the Ontological Argument

Discussion Sessions Reading List

Discussion Session 1 (30th of July, 15:45-17:45): The Ontological Argument: Anselm, Descartes, and Leibniz’ Objection of Incompleteness

  • Anselm, Proslogion II (1077-8), [7] 32-34
  • Gaunilo’s reply to Anselm, ‘On behalf of the Fool’, [1] 99-103
  • Descartes, The Meditations, V (1641), AT VII 63-71, [4] 44-49
  • Descartes, ‘Objections and Replies’ in The Meditations: 1st Caterus, AT VII 99, [4] 71-72; 2nd Mersenne, AT VII 127, 151
  • Leibniz, Meditation on Knowledge, Truth, and Ideas (1684), A VI iv 589, [7] 451-2
  • Leibniz, New Essays Concerning Human Understanding (1709), 437-8, [8]

 

Discussion Session 2 (30th of July, 19:30-21:30): Leibniz’ Ontological Arguments

  • Leibniz, Two notations for discussion with Spinoza, ‘I. That a most perfect being exists’ (1676), A VI iii 571-9 [7] 259-261
  • Leibniz, Monadology (1714), (especially 38-45), [7] 1044-1061
  • Gassendi, in ‘Objections and Replies’ to Descartes’ The Meditations, AT VII 323-5, [4]
  • Kant, Critique of Pure Reason (1781/87), A 599/B 627 [10]

 

Discussion Session 3 (31st of July, 19:30-21:30): Leibniz on Existence, Baumgarten’s Ontological Arguments, and Kant’s Early Objections

  • Leibniz, Letter to Eckhart (1677), G I 266-70, [7] 271-3
  • Leibniz, ‘Annotations’ (1678), A II i 392-3 [1] 161-4
    Leibniz, Existentia. An Sit Perfectio (1677 (?)), A VI iv 253 [1] 165
  • Leibniz, ‘General Enquiries about the Analysis of Concepts and Truths’ (1686), C 376 – 377, [6] 65-66, [1] 167
  • Baumgarten, Metaphysics 54-5, 803 – 809, 819-825, [3] 110, 280-5
  • Kant, The Only Possible Argument (1763), 2:65-75 [10]

 

Discussion Session 4 (1st of August, 10:00-12:00): Kant on Real Modality in the Critique of Pure Reason

  • Kant, Critique of Pure Reason, ‘The Postulates of Empirical Thinking in General’, A 218/B 266 – A 234/B 287, [10]
  • Kant, Critique of Pure Reason, passages on modality: A 74-5/B 100, B 110, A 114-5/B 184-5, [10]
  • Kant, Lectures on Metaphysics, 29:987, [10]

Discussion Session 5 (1st of August, 16:00-18:00): Kant’s Critique of Ontotheology

  • Kant, Critique of Pure Reason, ‘On the Impossibility of an Ontological Proof of the Existence of God’ (1781/87) A 592/B 620 – A 603/B 631, [10]
  • Kant, Lectures on Philosophical Theology (1783-4) 28:1034, [10]
  • Kant, Critique of Pure Reason, BXXVI, 430-432. [10]
  • (Frege, The Foundations of Arithmetic, 53 (1884), [5])

Discussion Session 6 (1st of August, 19:30-21:30): Kant on Progress in Metaphysics

  • Kant, Critique of the Power of Judgement (1790), Par. 76, [10]
  • Kant, Critique of Practical Reason (1786) 5:4-5, 105, (124-134,) 136, [10]
  • Kant, Metaphysics of Morals (1798) 6:440, [10]
  • (Kant, ‘What real progress has metaphysics made in Germany?’ (1792-5) 20:295 – 296, 302-5, [10])

 

Abbreviations

A Leibniz, G. W., S¨amtliche Schriften und Briefe, (Darmstadt/Leipzig/ Berlin: Edition of the Berlin Academy, 1923-), Cited by Series Volume and Page

A/B Kant, I., Kritik der reinen Vernunft. (I Aufl.). [Edited by Benno Erdmann.] Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, herausgegeben von der Ko¨niglichen Preußischen (later Deutschen) Akademie der Wissenschaften, Band IV. Berlin: Georg Reimer, 1911, Pp. 1-252/Kant, I., Kritik der reinen Vernunft. Zweite Auflage 1787. [Edited by Benno Erdmann.] Kant’s gesammelte Schriften, herausgegeben von der K¨oniglichen Preußischen (later Deutschen) Akademie der Wissenschaften, Band III. Berlin: Georg Reimer, 1911

English translations of primary texts from

[1] Anselm. Basic Writings. Edited and Translated by T. Williams. 2007. Hackett Publishing Company, Inc.
[2] Adams, R. M. 1994. Leibniz. Determinist, Idealist, Theist. Oxford: Oxford UP.
[3] Baumgarten, A. Metaphysics. A Critical Translation with Kant’s Elucidations, Selected Notes, and Related materials. Translated and Edited by C. D. Fugate and J. Hymers. 2013. Bloomsbury Academic.
[4] Descartes, R. 1641. Meditations on First Philosophy. Cottingham (trs.) 1996. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. (Original: Descartes, R. 1641. Meditationes de Prima Philosophia. Paris.)
[5] Frege, G. The Foundations of Arithmetic. J. L. Austin (trs.) 1980. Blackwell.
[6] Leibniz, G. W. Logical Papers. A Selection Translated and Edited with an Introduction by G. H. R. Parkinson. 1966. Clarendon Press Oxford: Oxford UP.
[7] Leibniz, G. W. Philosophical Papers and Letters. A Selection Translated and Edited by L. E. Loemker. 1956. University of Chicago Press.
[8] Leibniz, G. W. New Essays on Human Understanding. Translated and Edited by P. Remnant and J. Bennet. 1981. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.
[9] Logan, I. Reading Anselm’s Proslogion. The History of Anselm’s Argument and its Significance Today. 2009. Ashgate.
[10] Kant, I. The Cambridge Edition of the Works of Immanuel Kant. Guyer (ed.) Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

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